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Water Science US
Chloramines in Your Drinking Water
Safe or Harmful?
Chloramines may be something you’ve never heard of before, but they’ve been in your drinking water for a while. For some cities, it’s been nearly 100
years. Let’s back up a moment. What are chloramines and why should you be interested in them? You probably know what chlorine is and how it has
been used to help disinfect drinking water before it enters your home.
Chloramines are a combination of chlorine and ammonia and that mix has caused a number of consumer concerns. One of them is that ammonia itself
is a food source for bacteria which means the germs are growing and not being depleted. The next is that chloramines are corrosive and can damage
copper piping. Chloramines – the plural is used because it can come in many forms depending on the pH and mineral content of the water – have been
the backup disinfectant to chlorine for a long time in major cities like Cleveland, OH, Springfield, IL, and Lansing, MI. A 1998 survey done by the
Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] reported that as many as 68 million Americans – that’s 1 in 5 – had been drinking water disinfected with
Why the Switch?
There is one important reason why chloramines were added as a back up to chlorine: Chlorine dissipates quickly, and the result could be that germs
remain in the drinking water. But there’s an even bigger concern about chloramines and that’s what they can do to your health. Research is currently
underway to provide better answers as to why the use of chloramines to disinfect your water is risky business.
Exposure to chloramines in your drinking water can cause skin rashes and itching. It also doesn’t kill the pathogens that live in your water. That may be
okay for a healthy person, but it isn’t for someone who has an autoimmune disease or children and the elderly. We have the solution….ask about our
No-Salt Whole House Water Purification Systems.
Water Science US
Can Fluoride Make You Stupid?
For many years, we have been told that fluoride is good for our teeth. But extensive research has uncovered the truth about Fluoride. Not only can it
make you fat and stupid, but also can make your kids hyperactive with cognitive difficulties. Fluoride causes increased uptake of aluminum in the brain,
thereby contributing to Alzheimer's disease. Beyond that, fluoride causes bones to become brittle, so they break easily.
Take a look at the research findings on fluoride, not only in the United States, but all over the world.
Researchers from Harvard University's School of Public Health and China Medical University reviewed 27 different
fluoride studies done in China, India, Mexico, and Iran. Their findings found "strong indications" of fluoride exposure
issues for children living in municipalities that fluoridated the public drinking water. Based on the findings, children
consuming fluoridated water had lower IQs than children who did not.
In the Xiang (China) study, the children in the fluoridated village suffered 5-10 points lower IQ and more mental
handicaps than the children in the non-fluoridated village.
Pregnant rats that drank fluoridated water gave birth to hyperactive babies who exhibited retarded behavior and
cognitive defects when continuing to consume fluoridated water. Male newborns exhibited "hyperactive" behavior.
According to the CDC, ADHD affects an estimated 5.2% of children ages 3-17.
A 1998 study by Julie A. Varner found that rats fed distilled water with the addition of either sodium fluoride or aluminum fluoride for 1 year found
that both groups of rats had an increased uptake of aluminum into the brain and formed beta-amyloid deposits associated with Alzheimer's
Increased arthritis rates. The first symptoms of bone poisoning are identical to the first symptoms of arthritis.
Fluoride affects the thyroid gland as well as the teeth and bones. Tune in next week to found out how your extra weight and lowered metabolism
can be attributed to fluoride consumption.
"The Fluoride Deception" by Christopher Bryson and "The Case against Fluoride" by Paul Connett, PhD, James Beck, MD, PhD and H.S. Micklem, DPhil
Opinion: Water Fluoridation Is an Emperor Without Clothes
By: Rick North
September 4, 2018
Putting a drug – any drug – in drinking water is absurd. Putting fluoride – a known neurotoxin – in the water is unconscionable.
Yet the U.S. government has endorsed water fluoridation since 1950. Many organizations in the medical establishment, led by the American Dental
Association, American Medical Association and American Public Health Association, quickly jumped on the bandwagon, before any long-term health
studies were done.
They’ve never climbed off, denying the wealth of research demonstrating fluoride’s harmful effects, including recent strong evidence it can lower IQ’s in
children. Indeed, in 2006, the National Research Council asserted “It is apparent that fluorides have the ability to interfere with the functions of the
brain and body. In the following decade, 189 out of 196 peer-reviewed studies – human, animal, and cellular - found fluoride to be neurotoxic.
My Stedman’s Medical Dictionary defines a drug as “a substance used in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of a disease” or “such a substance as
recognized or defined by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.”
Melinda Plaisier, the FDA associate commissioner for legislation, stated in an official letter to the U.S. House of Representatives “Fluoride, when used in
the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or animal, is a drug that is subject to FDA regulation.”
Fluoride is used to prevent cavities. Consequently, the FDA regulates it, requiring a prescription for fluoride tablets and a label on fluoridated
toothpaste that says, for children under 6, “If more than used for brushing is accidentally swallowed, get medical help or contact a Poison Control
Center right away.”
But once fluoride is added to public water supplies, the FDA no longer takes responsibility for it as a drug. If you’re looking for logic or consistency, look
elsewhere. Instead, it’s regulated by the EPA as a contaminant, which it certainly is. It’s highly toxic in its own right, and the chemical typically used,
fluorosilicic acid (FSA), can be contaminated with lead, arsenic and heavy metals. If FSA isn’t used for fluoridation, it must be disposed of as a hazardous
waste. (I’m not making this up.) Again, if you’re looking for logic . . .
When you go to a doctor's office there are standard safety protocols for his/her recommending a drug. It is prescribed for you only, based on your
personal medical history. It’s a specific dose and prescribed for a specific period of time. The doctor must tell you its potential harmful side effects. But
it’s still up to you - the patient - to decide if you’ll take the drug or not.
When you add fluoride to the water, every one of these protocols is violated. This is both absurd and unethical. It takes away your right of informed
consent. It is one main reason that many European countries have banned fluoridation. And for those that don’t have a nationwide ban, it’s a major
reason that the vast majority of their cities and towns either decided they don’t want it or simply consider it a non-issue. Out of 48 European nations,
only five have any fluoridated cities. Over 98% of Europeans drink un-fluoridated water.
European health officials’ statements make it clear:
Netherlands: “The addition of chemicals to drinking water is prohibited by law in the Netherlands. This law came into effect because it was widely
perceived that drinking water should not be used as a vehicle for pharmaceuticals. Furthermore, fluoridation of drinking water would conflict with the
freedom to choose for natural drinking water.”
Belgium: “This water treatment has never been of use . . . The main reason . . . is the fundamental position of the drinking water sector that it is
not its task to deliver medicinal treatment to people.”
France: “Fluoride chemicals are not included in the list (of ‘chemicals for drinking water treatment).' This is due to ethical as well as medical
Germany: “The Federal Ministry of Health cites 'the problematic nature of (compulsory) medication' in not fluoridating.”
Czech Republic: “(Fluoridation) is not under consideration because this form of supplementation is considered uneconomical, un-ecological,
unethical - forced medication.”
Adding fluoride to water to prevent cavities is as nonsensical as putting statins in water to lower cholesterol, Prozac to treat depression, or even aspirin
to relieve headaches. Prescribing drugs isn’t one-size-fits-all. Virtually any can have harmful side effects, especially to vulnerable sub-populations like
children, pregnant women and those who are medically fragile. There is no other drug allowed in U.S. water supplies. It is sheer absurdity that we’re
still allowing this one.
Rick North is the former executive vice president of the Oregon American Cancer Society and former project director for Oregon Physicians for Social
Responsibility’s Campaign for Safe Food. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Reclaimed Water as a Potential Source to augment Drinking Water
As Published February 22, 2018, www.TampaBayWater.org
Due to Tampa Bay’s rapid growth, it is estimated that an additional 10 million gallons per day of new drinking water will be required by 2028.
There are two options for using reclaimed water to compensate for the shortfall.
One option is to blend reclaimed water that has been cleaned and disinfected with desalinated seawater. This option would require a new water
treatment facility built at or near the Tampa Bay Seawater Desalination Plant. Another option is to add reclaimed water to the front end of the water
plant, blend it with seawater, and purify the water through the facility’s pretreatment. This option would take advantage of existing infrastructure, but
other processes would have to be modiﬁed. We are already dealing with Pharmaceutical Drugs in our tap water under the current system. Will we see
an increase in those levels as more and more “toilet water” is used?
Allow me to provide the information that will help you make an informed decision about the differences between Water Softeners and the right Water
Purification System for your Home. Our Healthy Home System includes No-Salt Whole House Water purification plus the Water Science 6000 Alkaline
System for drinking and cooking.
The process is simple, I will bring water for you to sample, test your water and inspect the plumbing systems. Rather than a one size fits all approach, I
will recommend the proper system for your home. Ask about special pricing, financing and the trade in value of your outdated Salt Water Softener.
Never buy another bag of Salt or bottled water again!
Master Plumber ~ Systems Designer
A Healthy Home starts with Safe, Healthy Water
In our recent articles, we talked about the use of reclaimed water to supplement Tampa Bay’s drinking water needs and issues with the use of plastic
water bottles. Now, a new study says Microplastic Contamination Is Found in Most Bottled Water.
The study claims drinking from a plastic water bottle likely means ingesting microplastic particles, prompting fresh concerns and calls for scientific
research. A study carried out on more than 250 water bottles, sourced from 11 brands, revealed that Microplastic contamination was found in more
than 90% of the samples. The study, by journalism organization Orb Media and researchers at the State University of New York at Fredonia, found an
average of 10.4 microplastic particles, about the width of a human hair, in each liter of water. As much as 90% of ingested plastic could pass through a
human body, but some of it may end up lodged in the gut, or traveling through the lymphatic system, according to research by the European Food
Understanding this is the world we live in, we need to be educated on ways to protect our families. Allow me the opportunity to supply the necessary
information for making an informed decision about Healthy Water for your family.
The process is simple, I will bring water for you to sample, test your water, inspect the plumbing systems and make the right recommendation for your
home. Ask about special pricing, financing and the trade in value of your outdated Salt Water Softener.
“Never buy another bag of salt or bottled water again”
Master Plumber / System Designer
States Ban Salt Water Softeners
Why ban salt water softeners
Over the last several years, many states have decided to ban salt water softeners entirely or restrict their use, and for good reason. When you pour a
bag of salt pellets into your salt water softener tank, you are essentially dumping all of that salt into our freshwater rivers, streams and aquifers. Over
time, discharge from salt water softeners will lead to increasing levels of sodium in fresh water supplies, and excessive chloride levels in soil. Many cities
and states are now opting to ban salt water softeners in order to halt the cycle of environmental damage.
Santa Clarita, CA water softener regulations
In November of 2008, Santa Clarita voters approved a measure requiring removal of all residential water softeners, in order to protect the Santa Clara
River. Other California cities have followed suit, including Fillmore, Chino, Chino Hills, Fontana, Montclair, Ontario, Upland, and the Cucamonga Valley
and Monte Vista Water Districts.
Michigan water softener regulations
In May 2010, Hamburg Township prohibited the use of salt water softeners, in order to protect their aquifers from excessive sodium.
Connecticut water softener regulations
Brine discharge from salt water softeners is prohibited from entering private septic systems by the CT Public Health Code, in order to protect against
groundwater contamination and damage to septic systems.
Texas water softener regulations
Most softeners are prohibited from being installed at homes with private septic systems. A homeowner can legally install a water softener as long as it’s
labeled as “water-conserving,” and regenerates on demand as opposed to on a schedule.
Massachusetts water softener regulations
Brine discharge from salt water softeners is prohibited from entering private septic systems by Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
Title 5 regulations.
SOFT WATER -- IT'S NOT FOR DRINKING
Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County prepared this information
Soft Water is neither healthy nor desirable for drinking! If you were a steam iron or a washing machine it would be great, but we are neither! There are
good reasons you should not be drinking soft water! Water is a universal solvent. Most materials, especially metals, are partially soluble in water. If that
water is heated or softened it becomes much more aggressive at leaching metals from water lines. Lead in soldered joints and copper in pipe are
particularly vulnerable and these are two of the heavy metals which shouldn't be present in significant amounts in your drinking water.
Calcium and magnesium are two minerals which make water "hard." Both of these minerals are classed as "contaminants," but that's a poor choice in
terminology, for calcium is essential in our diet! A softener merely exchanges one group of non-toxic elements for another group of non-toxic elements.
Water hardness is measured either in grains per gallon (GPG) or as calcium hardness in milligrams per liter (mg/l) or parts per million (ppm). GPG is
based on calcium hardness. To convert from calcium hardness ppm, just divide by a factor of 17.2 and this gives you hardness in GPG. A soft or slightly
hard water has up to 3.5 GPG; moderately hard water runs from 3.5 to 10.5 GPG; and very hard water is greater than 10.5 GPG. If your water is over 7
GPG, you might want to consider a softener just for the laundry.
Metro water is on the low side of moderately hard at 4.1 GPG (that is 70 mg/l of calcium hardness. This is an excellent value and highly desirable! Cities
which have soft water are having difficulty meeting the new lead standards in tap water. Metro has had none of these difficulties in meeting the new
A soft water is aggressive at leaching metals (like lead) from your lines and faucets. Most faucets are solid brass (with a relatively high lead content) and
are chrome plated. This means that if you have soft water, there is a great chance that your initial drawing of cold water will have a higher lead content
than normal. Hot or warm water from the tap should never be used for cooking, shortcuts, drinking water, beverages, or infant formula as it could be
higher in heavy metals like lead!
Besides making the water more corrosive and aggressive at leaching metals from your lines and fixtures, the zeolite beads from water softening
systems may back-siphon into your toilet tanks, and the soft water may attack vital plumbing parts. While supposedly solving one set of problems, the
softener could possibly introduce other problems which you may or may not be aware of! A water softener, besides leaching lead and other metals
from your plumbing, can increase your sodium intake. In water softening device hard water flows through synthetic resin beads. Sodium ions (salt) are
loosely attached to each bead and the water exchanges hardness ions (calcium and magnesium) for the soft sodium ions. These devices can also be
costly to run since they can waste up to 120 gallons for every 1,000 delivered.
A Standard IQ Chart
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